For several years wine making has been practiced through the process called vinification, this is a very simple method compared to the other methods of making alcoholic beverages. The process of wine making involves six basic steps:
5th Clarifying the solution
Viticulture: As a known fact, the flavor of the wine is dependent on the type of grapes that are used. The variety of grapes depends on the place where they are grown, the drainage system around the winery, the quality of the soil, the moisture content of the region and even the exposure levels to the sun. Other than these factors, one of the most important which is an important determinant in making wine is the techniques used to make the wine. In fact the different wineries formulate a customized wine making process according to the needs of their winery, so that they can bring out the best flavors of their grapes
Harvesting: The next step in the winemaking process is the harvesting Of the finely cultivated grapes. When the grapes are ripped and harvested it is very important that the timing of ripping the grapes is apt and the exact timing can be ascertained through experience. The timing of the ripping of grapes should be such that the grapes have the apt combination of sugar, acid and moisture. The harvesting of the grapes can be done manually or mechanically, but most of the grape wineries rip it manually.
Crushing: The next step after the grapes have been harvested is to crush and press so as to have their Inherent flavors in the form of liquid. As the fruits are crushed, the grapes withdraw their moisture content and the sugars. Many wineries make use of specialized machines for the process of crushing and pressing the grapes. The resultant liquid which is formed after crushing and pressing the wines is referred to as must, at this stage the wine will either turn red or white color depending on the preference of the winemaker. The wines become red when they are simply left after they are crushed because in this stage juices from the skin and the flavors are ripped off, so when you leave the must for a certain period of time, the wine becomes red wine, and in case
Fermentation: After the grapes are being crushed and pressed, the fermentation takes place since the grapes have a good amount of sugar and moisture they have Easily fermented with the reaction of wild yeast. Fermentation takes almost 10 to 30 days, but this depends on the quality of the grapes and the climate.
Clarifying the solution: The next step in wine making is clarifying the solution. It is also referred to as stabilization.
Bottling: The final stage is to transfer the clarified solution in the wooden barrels or bottles.